In addition to the following bibliography, a listing of the assigned readings by class session is available.

Required Readings

Buy at Amazon Covington, Dennis. Salvation on Sand Mountain. New York, NY: Penguin (Non Classics), 1996. ISBN: 9780140254587.

Buy at Amazon Braude, Ann. Radical Spirits. 2nd ed. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780253215024.

Buy at Amazon Levack, Brian. The Witch Hunt in Early Modern Europe. 2nd ed. New York, NY; London, UK: Longman Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780582080690.

Buy at Amazon Boyer, P., and S. Nissenbaum. Salem Posessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974. ISBN: 9780674785328.

Slyomovich, Susan. "Ritual Grievance: the Language of Woman?" Woman and Performance 5, no. 1 (1990).

Ong, Aihwa. "The Production of Possession: Spirits and the Multinational Corporation in Malaysia . " American Ethnologist 15 (1987).

Buy at Amazon Christian, William. Visionaries: The Spanish Republic in the Reign of Christ. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999, pp. 13-40, 243-254, and 287-301. ISBN: 9780520219489.

Buy at Amazon Briggs, Robin. Witches and Neighbors: The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft. New York, NY: Penguin Books , 1998 , pp. 137-157, and 259-286. ISBN: 9780140144383.

Buy at Amazon Willis, Deborah. Malevolent Nurture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995, pp. 1-43. ISBN: 9780801481949.

Buy at Amazon Rosenthal, Bernard. Salem Story. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 67-75. ISBN: 9780521558204.

Buy at Amazon Karlsen, Carol. The Devil in the Shape of a Woman. New York, NY: W. W. Norton, 1998, pp. 110-112. ISBN: 9780393317596.

Buy at Amazon Showalter, Elaine. Hystories. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1998, pp. 159-170, and 189-201. ISBN: 9780231104593.

Acocella, Joan. "The Politics of Hysteria," The New Yorker, April 6, 1998 .

Rothenberg, Daniel. Gringo Organ Sellers.

Grann, David. "Stalking Dr. Steere Over Lyme Disease . " The NY Times, June 17, 2001 .

Buy at Amazon Loftus, Elizabeth, and Katherine Ketcham. The Myth of Repressed Memory: False Memories and Allegations of Sexual Abuse. New York, NY: St. Martin's Griffin, 1996, pp. 20-30. ISBN: 9780312141233.

Buy at Amazon Ofshe, Richard, and Ethan Watters. Making Monsters. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996, pp. 155-175. ISBN: 9780520205833.

Additional Readings

In addition to the required readings for the course, following sources for background reading and the assignment on witchcraft theories are suggested.

Briggs, Robin. Witches and Neighbors .

Cohn, Bernard. Europe's Inner demons .

Demos, John. Entertaining Satan .

Levack, Brian, ed. Articles on Witchcraft, Magic, and Demonology, v.3, Witch-hunting in Early Modern Europe: General Studies .

Levack, Brian, ed. New Perspectives on Witchcraft, Magic, and Demonology, v.4, Gender and Witchcraft .

Rosenthal, Bernard. Salem Story .

Sharpe, James. Instruments of Darkness .

Willis, Deborah. Malevolent Nurture .

Readings by Class Session

SES # Topics Readings
1 Introduction
2 Videos and Discussion, Spirit Possession

Class Reader: articles by Slyomovichs & Ong

Start Covington, Sand Mountain.

3 Film, The Holy Ghost people ( PDF ) Covington, all.
4 Discuss Film and Covington Reading ( PDF )
5 Film, Secrets of the Psychics Braude. Radical Spirits . Chapters 1-4.
6 Film, Telegrams From the Dead ( PDF ) Braude. Chapters 5-8.
7 Discuss Spiritualism
8 Divination and Magic



9 Discuss Visionaries ( PDF )

Levack. Chapters 1-3


Briggs. "Projection of Evil."



Film, Strange Beliefs

Levack. Chapters 4-5.

Heresy, Millenialism and Witch Hunting

Class Reports

Levack. Chapters 6.


Briggs. "Men against Women." Willis.


Discuss European Witch Hunt

Class Reports


Europe 2


Levack. Chapters 7-8.

Boyer & Nissenbaum. Chapter 1.


Europe 3


Class Reports

15 Film, Three Sovereigns for Sarah , Part I

B&N. Chapters 2-5


Karlsen & Rosenthal.

16 Three Sovereigns , part II
17 Visit Salem Village (Danvers) ( PDF ) B&N. Chapters 6-8.

Discuss Salem

Class Reports


Showalter, Acocella, Rothenberg, Grann.


Salem 2

Class Reports

20 Film on Space Alien Possession ( PDF ) Reader

Loftus & Ketcham, and Ofshe & Watters.
21 Discuss Space Aliens, Split Personality ( PDF )
22 Film, Search for Satan
23 Satanic Conspiracies, Recovered Memory
24 Film, Divided Memories
25 Divided Memories, Discussion
26 Wrap-up